Center for Child Injury Prevention Studies

CChIPS 2012-2013 Research Portfolio

  • Quantifying CRS and vehicle seat interaction
    Principal Investigator: Amanda Agnew, PhD, The Ohio State University
    The research goals of this study are to quantitatively define good fit of a child restraint system to a vehicle, to develop a correlation matrix to characterize good fit between various child restraint systems and vehicle seats; and to quantify any changes to child restraint system characteristics that influence good fit over time.
  • Analysis of child comfort in forward-facing versus rear-facing child restraint systems
    Principal Investigator: John H. Bolte IV, PhD, The Ohio State University
    The long-term research goal of this project is to identify comfort level of larger, older children in rear-facing child restraints in order to support AAP and NHTSA guidelines. The specific aims of this study are: to identify variables for analyzing child seating position comfort (including parental perception); to analyze comfort and posture of young children (2-3 years old) in forward-facing and rear-facing child restraints; and to conduct a pilot study for real-world on-road driving.
  • Development and validation of a biofidelic pediatric ATD lower extremity
    Principal Investigator: Amanda Agnew, PhD, The Ohio State University
    The goal of this study is to design and validate a prototype 6-year-old ATD lower extremity.
  • Injury risk and causation scenarios in children involved in rollover crashes
    Principal Investigator: Aditya Belwadi, PhD, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    The broad long-term goals of this research project are to gain insight into causation of common injuries sustained by children in rollover crashes; and to provide vehicle and restraint system manufacturers with data needed to develop rollover injury-mitigation systems for children.
  • CRS misuse nationally and in full-vehicle crash tests (year 2)
    Principal Investigator: Mark Zonfrillo, MD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    The goals of this study are to elucidate and reduce child restraint system (CRS) misuse through field observation of consumer practices, experimental studies, and dissemination of findings. The study will build on methods and data from previous projects to analyze patterns of child seat use and misuse, further characterize behavior in modern child restraint systems, and overcome limitations from previous studies; as well as elucidate the performance of properly used and misused CRS in full-scale vehicle crashes, adding valuable data to previously published studies using sled tests.
  • Serious teen crashes: Identification of the most common scenarios and factors
    Co-Principal Investigator: Allison Curry, PhD, MPH, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    Co-Principal Investigator: Catherine McDonald, PhD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    The long-term research goal of the project is to continue to build scientific foundation for interventions and evaluations that reduce teen driver crash and fatality risk by gaining a more comprehensive understanding of teen crashes, and exploring similarities and differences of teen vs. adult crash scenarios.
  • Dynamic comparison of pediatric and the small female ATDs to size-matched pediatric volunteers (year 2)
    Principal Investigator: Tom Seacrist, MBE, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    The goal of this research is to quantify the dynamic differences between pediatric and 5th percentile female ATDs and matched pediatric volunteers in low-speed lateral and oblique crashes and apply that knowledge towards improved ATD biofidelity requirements.
  • Quantifying children’s posture in the rear seat: A naturalistic study
    Principal Investigator: Kristy Arbogast, PhD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    The goal of the research is to develop data analysis strategies to identify postural triggers in the video data such that an analysis could be directed to a specific epoch in the video stream where the child is sub-optimally positioned; the primary analytical objective is to quantify how often and to what degree the child occupant is in a non-ideal position.
  • Kinematics of rear seat child occupants in small overlap crashes
    Principal Investigator: Kristy Arbogast, PhD, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    The long-term goal of this line of research is to gain insight into injury causation for common injuries seen by restrained occupants in the rear seat. The project objective is to quantify the kinematics of rear seat adolescent occupants in small overlap crashes and to explore the combination of crash dynamics and initial occupant position that leads to movement of head towards the lateral structures of the vehicle.

About This Center

This Center is made possible through a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) which unites CHOP, University of Pennsylvania, and The Ohio State University researchers with R&D leaders in the automotive and insurance industries to translate research findings into tangible innovations in safety technology and public education programs.

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